22 November 2019
The union cabinet on Tuesday approved a proposal for pilot programme on bilateral patent prosecution highway (PPH) between Indian Patent Office and the Japan Patent Office (JPO).
The Controller General of Patents, Design and Trade Marks (CGPDTM) and the Commissioner Japan Patent Office signed the Joint Statement of Intent (JSOI) for a bilateral Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) Programme on pilot basis, in New Delhi, on Tuesday.
The Indian Patent Office enters into patent facilitation agreements with Patent Offices of other interested countries/regions.
The programme will initially commence between JPO and Indian Patent Office on pilot basis for a period of three years. Under this pilot programme, Indian Patent Office may receive patent applications in certain specified technical fields only, like electrical, electronics, computer science, information technology, physics, civil, mechanical, textiles, automobiles and metallurgy. Japan Patent Office may receive applications in all fields of technology.
Patent Prosecution Highway will lead to benefits like reduction in disposal time and pendency of patent applications, consistency in quality of granted patents and an opportunity for Indian inventors, including MSMEs and start-ups, to get accelerated examination of their patent applications in Japan.
In the year 2014-15, around 6,000 patents were granted and about 15,000 patent applications were disposed. This figure has increased to more than 15,000 grants and about 51,000 disposal of patent applications in the year 2018-19 and is likely to reach about 25,000 grants and 60,000 disposals this year.
The examination time of a patent application in the year 2014-15 which was around 72 months has already been reduced to less than 36 months at present and this is targeted to further reduce to 12-16 months by March 2021. In case of expedited examination, the swiftest grant of a patent has been in 67 days from request for examination.
Japanese inventors seeking patent protection in India will now be able to take the benefits of expedited examination in India under the pilot programme on PPH. Faster grant of patents in India will result in more inbound investments by companies and also introduction of newer technologies thereby giving fillip to make in India and increasing employment opportunities. It will also help Indian Startups in patenting in Japan.